Sunday 12 November 2017


On the southwest side of the Kotli Sattian lies the well known village KAROR which is quite adjacent to the Islamabad. It is the settlement of the great warriors of the first and Second World Wars.

The village is situated about 22 km from Kotli Sattian and is easily approachable by metal roads from all sides. The village area is 3,001 acres. The soil is suitable for cultivating local crops but the inhabitants prefer to get employment in cities and towns. Forty percent of the population of the village has temporarily shifted to the big cities to avail themselves to the modern facilities and to have their children educated in the better schools.

The average household size in 5.8% and rate of literacy is 78.5%
Karor is a Patwar Circle and headquarters of the union council. There are two high schools, one for boys and one for girls. There is also a middle school for boys and two primary schools for both sexes in every settlement.

 Karor also has a police post that was established in the beginning of the British rule. A forest range with a rest house also exists. Moreover, a B.H.U., agricultural extension service, sub post office. A small bazar and a bank are also available as an amenity.

How to get there from Islamabad

Take Lehtrar road from Islamabad and turn left from Chirah chowk towards Simli Dam and Patriata. In about fifteen minutes, you would bypass Simli Dam and see the spill way on your left, drive another 10-15 minutes through hills and it will lead you to Karore.


                                                    Photo by Rocking Jungly
Photo by Khizer Bajwa

                                   Reference : "A handbook of Kotli Sattian"


Captain Hassan Musahib Javaid Satti embraced shahadat in Kurram Agency on 31st May 2013. He joined 23 Baloch Regiment of Pakistan Army with 116 PMA Long Course - Saad Company.

On the night of 30th-31st May 2013, Capt Hassan Javaid's Company was given a task to capture and take control over a strategically important Height Muhammadi Top in Kurram Agency. Capt Hassan volunteered himself for the difficult approach,

he scaled a rugged mountainous terrain for over 11 hours with combat load of approximately 30 Kilos and reached the target area in surprisingly short time.

He led his men from the front, the other two companies approaching from left and front were held back due to intense enemy attack. He established contact with the Terrorists and fought for 1 hour and 15 minutes. In order to provide relief to the pinned down Companies, he diverted the terrorists’ fire towards him.

He received a bullet in his face and embraced Shahadat right on the spot during the intense fight. The Government of Pakistan awarded him sitara-e-Bisalat for his bravery and courage.

This brave son of proud Satti Tribe born in Chonor, Tehsil Kahuta, District Rawalpindi and resting in peace at his native place.


5 Girls Schools of Kotli Sattian won International Schools award

Recently, five schools of Kotli Sattian Subdivision won the international schools award in several educational activities, held by British Council.
Here are the best performing Schools 

1. Girls high school, Mirzapur 
2. Girls high school, Bhan Seri
3. Girls high school, Lehtrar
4. Girls primary school, Chevra
5. Girls primary school, Kotli Sattian town

Teachers and headteachers are invited on 14th November 2017 at Marriot Hotel Islamabad to receive awards from Secretary Education Dr. Allah Bakhsh for their brilliant performance.

In this project of British council 50 schools have been selected from the Punjab province, and 20 of them are from District Rawalpindi.

                                             Click here for more details


Daughter of Ex Brigadier Sadiq Khan SattiZeenia Sadiq Satti is a geopolitical and security analyst based in Islamabad, Pakistan.

She has studied International Relations and Middle Eastern Affairs at Harvard University, MIT, Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, USA. She is a former Harvard teaching fellow.

She is the Founding Executive Director of PPLDM, Pakistan's People Led Disaster Management. She lives and works in Islamabad, Pakistan.

Previously she worked as a security analyst, an energy consultant and analyst of energy geopolitics based in Washington DC.

Click here to visit her Facebook page

Click here to visit her website

Click here to follow her on Twitter

Click here to visit the website of PPLDM



Saturday 11 November 2017


It was 2nd death anniversary of Lt. Colonel (R) Zafar Abbasi. He passed away on 11th November, 2015.

Lt Col Zafar Abbasi Ghazi was immortalized on screen by the iconic character of Captain Kashif in drama serial Alpha Bravo Charlie, story of Captain Kashif was based on real story of Lt. Colonel  Zafar Abbasi.

Zafar Abbas Ghazi had been stationed on the highest battlefront in the world, Siachen and had become a victim of frostbite in 1987. Owing to that, he lost both his hands and feet. Even after losing both hands and feet, he did not give up and continued to serve in the army, attaining the rank of Lieutenant Colonel.

He was from Karor, Kotli Sattian

Visit Kotli Sattian - The Beautiful

Kotli Sattian is just 28.5 miles away from mainstream Islamabad City, The Federal Capital of Pakistan, is highly rich in natural beauty. Its physical features with its variety in choices attract everybody’s attention. Its high and low hills that gradually rise and fall, the vertical spurs with their gentle and steep slopes, the narrow and wide gaps, rocky plateaus, evergreen valleys with winding roads and paths along with the rivers and streams, natural falls and springs are worthwhile seeing and quite beautiful.

                               Click here to watch video of Kotli Sattian

Thursday 9 November 2017


Massaud Khan Satti aka “Tommy Masud” was born on 7th March 1912.
Date of Commission, 01 Sep 1932 (or 28 January 1932) 

Parent unit: 7th Light Cavalry.
Alma Mater: R.M.A.S (Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst, UK)
R.I.M.C. (Prince of Wales, Royal Indian Military College), Dehra Dun (India).

He was commissioned as 2/Lt on the Unattached List for the Indian Army 28 January 1932 (or 01 Sep 1932). He then spent a year’s attachment to the 2nd battalion Lancashire Fusiliers in India, joining the 7th Light Cavalry on the 4 January 1934. He was affectionately called “Tommy Masud” by his friends.

He was the first Muslim CO of 11 Cav in 1947. He spearheaded move towards Srinagar in 1948 with his Stuarts armoured cars without clearance from GHQ.

“Tommy Masud” thrashed a British officer (Commandant Punjab Centre) at Jhelum Club in 1948. He was then thrown into the swimming pool by 11 Cav officers. Being a Sandhurst graduate and with a King’s Commission, action could not be taken as it required assent of the king. Tommy Masud was very famous figure in Lahore Gymkhana, finally settled in Lahore, where he died in the late 1990s.

The unit conducted very aggressive actions under his able leadership, one of the proofs of which i.e two captured Indian Armour-ed cars of the 7th light Cavalry still adorn the front of the unit quarter guard. Tommy Masud was remembered with great respect and admiration by many reservists and old timers both from the officers and the rank and file who were attached with or visited the unit. 

Capture of Bhimber, Baghsar and Mirpur

Through their daring and bold actions, Bhimber, Baghsar and Mirpur were captured and the threat to Mangla head works and Jhelum was eliminated.

"As well entrenched Dogras could not be dislodged, Colonel Masud Satti, known as Tommy Masood, dispatched armoured cars under Captain Nawaz, they hit the Dogra Citadel at dawn on 24th of October, causing panic, and Dogras abandoned the town in confusion." 

In November 1947 Colonel (Later Brigadier) Masud Khan volunteered entirely on his own to attack Srinagar along axis Murree-Srinagar which if done would have led to Srinagar’s capture.Major General Akbar Khan wrote about this incident in his book and described it in the following words; ‘On return to Pindi,I was immediately able to find Masud who volunteered to take not two,but a whole squadron of his unit (P.A.V.O 11 Cavalry) armoured cars. His men he said would go in plain clothes and without official permission and at their own risk’ (Refers-Page-41 & 42-Raiders in Kashmir- Ex Major General Akbar Khan,D.S.O-Pak Publishers Limited-2 Victoria Road-Karachi-First Printed-1970).

Akbar wrote that he was thrilled and held a meeting with Brigadier Sher Khan (then probably DMO) Lieutenant Colonel Arbab and Raja Ghazanfar Ali Khan who as per Akbar ‘stoutly opposed the idea. And so the proposal was abandoned’ .Thus the chicken heartedness of these men ie Brigadier Lion Khan and the Raja etc led to the failure to grasp a fleeting operational opportunity when Indian Armoured cars were about three to four days march from Srinagar which they reached only on 7th November! (Refers-Page-276-The Indian Armoured Corps-History of the Indian Armoured Corps-1941-1971-Major General Gurcharan Singh Sandhu-Vision Books-New Delhi-1993). Thus Srinagar was lost between 30th October and 4th November when this fateful conference took place, not because Pakistan did not have armoured cars, not because there was an all weather road to carry armoured cars between Murree and Srinagar; but because it lacked the political and military will,and its Muslim League Ministers as well as army Brigadiers like Sher Khan who were at the helm of affairs did not listen to indomitable men like Tommy Masud! No wonder that Tommy Masud ever went beyond Brigadier! He lacked the suitable ethnic qualification, to give him that particular quota boost, about which all old officers of the pre 1971 era know; or the peculiar professional qualification of being a drill sergeant major type soldier, which was very much in demand, for promotion to higher ranks, in the army of the period 1951-1966 to go beyond the rank of brigadier!

We are lucky to have an independent account confirming Masud’s initiative written by another brilliant artillery officer who was the architect of Pakistani success in Grand Slam and at Chawinda but was not promoted because he lacked the quality of mulish lack of intellect which was a must for artillery officers to have, in order to go beyond brigadier in the pre 1971 army! This is what Brigadier Amjad Ali Khan had to say about the affair of the P.A.V.O armoured car initiative: -

‘ I remember an afternoon in October 1948,in Rawalpindi when I attended a conference of general Tariq who by now coordinating the operations of the tribesmen and Mujahids in Kashmir.I was then Adjutant 2 Field Artillery Regiment. The tribesmen and the Mujahids had been stopped 4 miles outside Srinagar by an Indian Battalion. There was a requirement of armoured cars to break this ring to enable the Mujahids and tribal lashkars to continue their advance into Srinagar.Major Mohammad Masud of P.A.V.O Cavalry Regiment, who was there,sought permission to use a troop of his armoured cars to break through the thin layer of enemy infantry and open the way for the mujahids to enter Srinagar . The reaction of some of those attending the conference to this suggestion surprised me .One of the objections raised was that the tribesmen might damage the palaces of the Maharaja .Another dissenting voice pointed out that it would indicate the presence of Pakistani regular troops inside Kashmir. While this discussion was going on Raja Ghazanfar Ali ,who was at that time a Central Minister,entered the conference room accompanied by Mr. Hameed Nizami. The Minister after having been briefed expressed his regret that no regular troops could be permitted to enter Kashmir’ (Refers-Page-6-September 65-Before and After-Brigadier Amjad Ali Khan Chaudhry (Retired)-Ferozesons-Lahore-1976)

I have reproduced this incident particularly for civilians who do not understand why the army’s younger lot in 1950 was disgusted with the civilian leadership,and why the so called Pindi Conspiracy case occurred.The men who were part of the Pindi Conspiracy were not as ridiculous as painted by a civil servant in a book written in the late 1990s (Zaheer’s book on the Pindi Conspiracy).Mr Zaheer knew about the military facts of the Kashmir War only as much as a spinster ! These men had proved their mettle in WW Two and in 1948 war and were genuinely disgusted with the civilian as well as the higher military leadership,as can be imagined from the above mentioned incident.Had there been a man with Patel’s resolution and decisiveness to assist the Quaid,the army would have had nothing to be unhappy about!The army that took over in 1958 was however not composed of men who had fought well in WW Two,but of clever extension seekers who had nothing to do with the 1948 War.

This then was our tragedy.The old man leading us without having done any armed forces war course, had the ‘Coup d Oeil’ in October 1947 to order that one brigade should advance along axis Sialkot-Jammu and capture Jammu while another Brigade advance along axis Murree-Srinagar and capture it’ (Refers-Page-343- Report of November 7,1947- Mountbatten’s ‘Top Secret’ Personal Reports as Viceroy of India -India Office Library-L/PO/433. Page-154- Looking Back- Mehr Chand Mahajan- Asia Publishing House London-1963) .Nehru had a Patel,while Jinnah had no Patel;and this included the entire cabinet,whether Hindustani Punjabi Bengali Sindhi or Pathan, consisted of decent amiable men who had been good British subjects, and most unfortunate even no Thimaya or Bucher or Cariappas.We had Akbars and Masuds ,but these were sidelined!They did not have that pleasant personality that could please a politician and could get extensions,or the height or frame to be a Hollywood hero!They were men of action known for decisiveness in the crossing of Chindwin…rather than tactical timidity and poor war record while serving in a Chamar regiment in Burma!No wonder that Mr Jinnah complained in 1930s about the Muslim leaders that he had ,who in his words asked the Deputy Commissioner before doing anything!

Source : A.H AMIN


                                                               Click here for more details

Photo contributed by Lt Col Salman Aslam, Retd (2nd SSC).

Wednesday 8 November 2017


By: Agha.H.Amin

Brigadier Siddique Khan Satti was from Kotli Sattian Rawalpindi District, he had been commissioned from Dehra Dun in 1936, he had commanded a battalion in the Kashmir war in the Poonch Sector, and was commanding 102 Brigade at Bannu in February 1951. He was from later 9 FF.

Sadiq Khan Satti was a brave warrior against a set of hopeless politicians who dared not step into Kashmir during the entire time that 1947-48 war was fought, although Nehru was roaming around in Kashmir as if it was a market place behind his house in Delhi.

It was through the memorable poetry of Ex Brigadier Siddique Satti MC of the Pindi Conspiracy fame that I discovered what the Indian Army had gone through in the First World War. "My brother was blown to bits in Flanders, my cousins died of Maggots in their wounds at Kutalmara" so ran Siddique's verses. He had spent some years of his life incarcerated in the notorious Mach Jail and it was a treat to spend an evening with him. His anecdotes, recollections and Yarns were a finer substitute for a chemical substance of another kind. It was through Siddique that I discovered that the Indians had done something at the Suez Canal in the First World War. Saddique wrote brilliantly, His writings contained that pain and bitterness which only a political prisoner can discover in the ice cold cells of Mach Jail, A jail where the sunlight never reaches many cells.

When Pakistan came into being,Brigadier Sadiq Satti was attending Staff College Course at Camberly (England). An Indian General met him there and
offered him early promotion, if he joined the Indian Army. In response, Brig Sadiq posed him a question: "Sir, my village is located at a hill top. Do you know what I would do, if the whole of my clan decides to jump down?"
The Indian General thought that being an educated man, Brig Sadiq should have persuaded his men to refrain from such a suicidal action but he was shocked when Brigadier Sadiq Satti told him, "Sir, I would jump with them. It is Immaterial whether I survive or die. This is how we live. My village has Decided to join Pakistan. I am with them."

I met Brigadier Saddique Satti in Islamabad in 1981. He was then busy translating Iqbal’s verse in English. Man never suffers defeat , without perishing he goes into retreat , so Saddique translated Iqbal's thoughts. He translated Dr Allama Muhammad Iqbal's "Baang-e-Dara" in English, which was published in 1984.

He lived in Islamabad’s F7 sector and later shifted to the E sector. Islamabad was dripping with US Dollars of the Afghan war and was being Transformed from a ghost town with few cars into a dirty rich capital of a state whose policy has always been to sell its soul and its soldiers for US Dollars. Saddique Satti was a spirited old man, Old in years but young in spirits. He had much to share about how the Pakistani state was buggered and destroyed right from the early years by its own politicians and generals. His nephews had been my father’s class fellows and friends at the Gordon College Rawalpindi. It’s a tragedy that Saddique Satti did not leave any reminiscences .These would have been a first rate source for initial military and political history of Pakistan.

The Sattis that I saw in the military were nowhere near Saddique Satti in caliber or elan . But then Saddique Satti was a great man not beacuse he was a Satti but because he was great. I am extremely skeptical about the assertion that belonging to a tribe can make a man great, A typically flawed assertion.

I was particularly impressed by one Major Zohrab from 15 SP in August 1984, He was a member of a court of inquiry and supported me fearlessly. He also Was my commander in 15 SP with whom I was attached from 09August 1984 to mid october 1984 at Kharian and Qila Sobha Singh. Zohrab was an Abbasi from the Abbasi clan of Murree and had some qualities of the Abbasi rebels of 1857. Zohrab was bitter about the manner in which the army dealt with its officers welfare and was convinced that if anything happened to him his family would be the loser and no one in the army will bother. This is what happened to the families of the Kargil soldiers. A sad and disgraceful chapter of Pakistani military history, Although the architects of that disgraceful failure Musharraf , Aziz , Javed Hassan and Masud Aslam did extremely well, But war is hell. And the only ones who Discover this are the families of those killed in action and they dont deliver lectures in Harvard or Yale So the lies remain in circulation and the truth is buried in obscure unknown rocky wilderness.
It was ironic to hear from NLI friends that some of the widows of the Kargil war were literally forced to do follow most undignified courses in life. But Who cares in this half dead state called Pakistan about to crash into total oblivion. In the Pakistan Army as one officer put it you have to be a general or dead to get any benefits. I would state that the widows of the Kargil soldiers from ranks were even denied this privilege.
Sadique Satti was a great man.
Although few know him today, May God Bless his soul..

Monday 6 November 2017


The rest house was built in 1928 and is right in the middle of the beautiful pine forest, during the early land settlement in Punjab. The history of this dated back to annexation of Punjab by British and subsequent and early establishment of forest department in the Punjab province.
 It is constructed on a leveled piece of clear land surrounded by tall pine trees, and the rest house is situated in a picture postcard setting. You can also spend the night here through an advanced booking from the forest department office near Sawan station, Rawalpindi.

Total traveling distance from Islamabad to Danoi rest house is around 60 kilometers, and it is at approximate altitude of 1300 meters.

Danoi Rest House   

Just a few steps from the rest house, there will be many paths climbing upwards. You can take any of these which will cross the road at a few points before joining it back. Road can also be skipped if one continues to climb up a little towards right to reach the ridge. One can also spot some arrows for the directions which are marked by ASG but they are getting diminished with time. Continuing with the shortcuts and the road, the road turns in to a rough jeep track. Soon, you will be able to see Murree and Patriata on your left towards west. Enjoying the pine forest and the beautiful views hike trek offers, you will reach a place where there are big boulders stretched over a large area. This part is the specialty of this trek. Nowhere else in the whole region, you will find any thing like this. It is not just these large stretched boulders, throughout the trek you will notice large rocks of very unique size and structure. These rocks are also very tempting from rock climbing point of view however I am not sure if anyone has ever attempted them. At some places they offer a scary vertical drop of rock with a height of more 100-200 ft. Continuing on the trail will take you to Panjpeer which can be spotted from the distance by a large junk of jumbled up trees on the top. If one keeps walking along the edge and skip the road turning right, towards the shrine, one can reach the end of ridge with a nice view point from where river Jehlum can also be seen. Total travel time from Danoi to this place or the shrine is 2-3 hours. On clear days, from the top, you can see Makra and other mountains of Kaghan area on your north while different peaks of Kashmir are visible on the east.

There is also a 1908 Narrar Forest Rest house near the shrine; however, that is currently in use of security forces and not accessible being close to Kahuta. Danoi is not only connected to Narrar Rest House through a proper trek but also to Lehtrar Rest House Down the hills.

Sunday 5 November 2017


Murree-Kotli Sattian-Kahuta National Park is located in Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan. This park is established in September 2009 and area of this park is 5,7581 hectare.
There are 29 national parks in Pakistan. 21 of them are under the supervision of local governments and remaining 8 are taken care by privately. Parks were mainly carried out by a National Conservation Strategy 1992 in order to protect the nature. Importance of environment has already been included in the concurrent constitution of 1973, however it was 90s when Pakistan established 10 new National Parks.

As per legislation, a National Park is an area that is protected by government for the conservation natural scenery and wild life in a natural state. National Parks are made accessible to public for research and recreation. In order to promote public usage of National Parks, construction of a limited roads and rest houses are permitted however all other factors that can pollute environment or can destruct wildlife, are banned in these areas.
Pakistan starting establishing National Parks in 1972 and up til 2015, there are total 29 national parks in Pakistan. They have been listed alphabetically below.Under a Sept 15, 2009 notification issued under the Punjab Wildlife (Protection, Preservation, Conservation and Management) Act 1974, the areas of Murree, Kotli Sattian and Kahuta were declared ‘national park area’, where the clearing or breaking up of any land for cultivation, mining or for any other purpose is prohibited.

Panjpeer Rocks    (Moqvi Photos)

                                                                 Patriata Rest House 


Pakistan's People Led Disaster Management Movement , (PPLDM) is based on the belief that disaster management should be in the hands of...